In 2017, the number of births took a drop mostly due to falling fertility rates, which, in turn, were affected by falling of fertility of 2nd children due to planned but postponed termination of maternal capital program, and falling of fertility of 1st children. There is no fixed schedule, though, and until 2009 it was not certain that the 2010 census would even take place. Formula: ([Population ages 0-15] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100, Elderly dependency ratio Definition: population ages 65-plus divided by the population ages 16-64.Formula: ([Population ages 65-plus] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100, Total dependency ratio Definition: sum of the youth and old-age ratios. [21] In total, over 186 different ethnic groups live within the Russian Federation's borders. The following lists all ethnicities resolved by the 2010 census, grouped by language:[citation needed]. Population: 145,934,459. [14] Since the 1990s, Russia's death rate has exceeded its birth rate. Décès cette année: 1 908. The increase was reported as between 15,000 and 25,000 people and was attributed to a falling death rate and increasing migration. Ruling Russia: Law, Crime, and Justice in a Changing Society. [69], definition: age 15 and over can read and write (2015 est. Over the next decade, the population decreased at a fairly steady rate of a half percent per year. 3.9% of the population did not declare any ethnic origin. [44] In August 2012, as the country saw its first demographic growth since the 1990s, President Putin declared that Russia's population could reach 146 million by 2025, mainly as a result of immigration. [98] In addition, there are an estimated 4 million illegal immigrants from the ex-Soviet states in Russia. Demographic statistics according to the World Population Review in 2019. [53], Temporary migrant workers in Russia consists of about 7 million people, most of the temporary workers come from Central Asia, the Balkans and East Asia. Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin has announced that he plans to boost Russia's dwindling population by encouraging immigration and higher birth rates, but estimates show that Russia's population will drop from 2014's 142 million to only 128 million by 2050. there are more than 185 different ethnic groups in Russia. [40] As a result, a national programme was developed with the goal to reverse the trend by 2020. [citation needed]. Russia is the most populous country in Europe, and the ninth-most populous country in the world, its population density stands at 9 inhabitants per square kilometre (23 per square mile). [105] However, since 2016 TFR has been plummeting, which has already led to a return of a growing natural decrease. Compared to the G7 countries, in 2015, Russian TFR of 1.78 children/ woman[78] was lower than that of France (1.93), the USA (1.84), the UK (1.82).  Vietnam: 11,100 United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. total literacy: 99.7% (2015) Assimilation on the other hand slowed down the decrease of the number of ethnic Russians. [41], At the same time period in 2007, there were just over one million births in Russia (981,600 in 2006), whilst deaths decreased from 1,475,000 to 1,402,300. [citation needed] Violence, tolerance for risk together with alcoholism reduce the Russian male lifespan. On average, close to 300,000 legal immigrants enter the country every year; about half[citation needed] are ethnic Russians from the other republics of the former Soviet Union. Gavrilova N.S., Gavrilov L.A. The rate of change of the Russian population is very close to 0% at present and the population isn't expected to change much by 2020. Compared to other most populous nations, Russia has a lower TFR than Nigeria (5.37), Pakistan (3.42), Indonesia (2.5), India (2.30), Mexico (2.19), the USA (1.84),[79] and higher TFR than Brazil (1.74), and China (1.5–1.6). While they have found out that a decrease in potential mothers led to a decrease in births and a rapid rise in fertility. [50][51][52], Since the collapse of the USSR, most immigrants have come from Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Azerbaijan, Moldova, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Armenia, Belarus, and China.